Inauguration discount is! 20% off for all of our company law clients in 2023!

Contact us

Law Firm in Bangladesh Logo


House 149, Road 05, Block B, Bashundhara RA

November 5, 2023

Bangladesh’s Trade and Commerce Laws: A Legal Perspective

Barrister Rahman and Barrister Mahbub, Advocate Wahid are considered as some of the best lawyers from Dhaka, Bangladesh according to domestic and international rankings. The law firm in Bangladesh is also one of the top law international firms in Dhaka and Chittagong. Feel free to hire the most famous lawyer in Bangladesh for your need through phone (+8801829737374 or +8801829737374) or through email: 

Over the course of the last several decades, Bangladesh, a nation located in South Asia, has seen incredible economic progress and change. The nation’s Trade and Commerce Laws, on both the local and international fronts, are proving to be a substantial contributor to the expansion of the economy.

Bangladesh has built a comprehensive legislative framework that oversees all sectors of Trade and Commerce Laws in order to guarantee that these activities run without a hitch and may be carried out effectively.

This article examines Bangladesh’s laws governing business and Trade and Commerce Laws point of view, shining light on the most important rules, obstacles, and opportunities that are faced by enterprises in this ever-changing environment.

Laws Governing Domestic Commerce

There are a variety of rules and regulations in place in Bangladesh that govern the domestic Trade and Commerce Laws of the country. These laws and regulations are aimed to guarantee fairness, transparency, and the protection of consumer rights. The following is a list of some of the most important components of the legislation governing domestic commerce in Bangladesh:

Act of 1872 Relating to Contracts: The Contract Act is the piece of legislation responsible for defining the legal parameters of commercial agreements and contracts. It outlines fundamental aspects like as the offer and acceptance, consideration, and legitimate purpose in the transaction. This Act is very necessary in order to preserve the honor of the country’s various business deals and contracts.

The Sale of items Act was passed in 1930, and its primary purpose was to regulate the sale of moveable items. It describes the circumstances for the sale of products, including warranties and guarantees, as well as the rights and duties of both purchasers and sellers. This piece of law is very important to the functioning of the domestic commerce market.

2009 Act for the Protection of Consumer Rights: The Consumer Rights Protection Act was passed into law in Bangladesh in order to protect the consumer community’s interests. It gives customers a legal framework on which to seek redress for product faults, unfair business practices, and other consumer-related problems.

These orders, known as the Import Policy Order and the Export Policy Order, define the parameters for imports and exports respectively. They detail the procedures for obtaining licenses, the structures of tariffs, and the limits placed on Trade and Commerce Laws, so creating a clear framework for international commerce.

Act of 2012 Concerning the Value-Added Tax (also Known as VAT) and Supplementary Duty: The Value-Added Tax Act is very necessary for controlling how taxes are applied to the sale of goods and services. The VAT methods, rates, and exemptions, as well as the compliance requirements for enterprises, are all outlined in this document.

Laws Relating to International Trade and Commerce Laws

The laws of Bangladesh governing international Trade and Commerce Laws are written in a way that is intended to make it easier for Bangladesh to participate in global commercial operations while also ensuring that Bangladesh complies with international norms and agreements. The following are important legal considerations that pertain to foreign trade and business in Bangladesh:

1969 Customs Act: The Customs Act is the law that regulates the importing and exporting of commodities. It describes the customs duties that must be paid, the processes for clearing goods, and the functions of the customs officials. This Act is very essential to guaranteeing that there is a continuous movement of products across international boundaries.

The Foreign Exchange Regulation Act of 1947 is the piece of law that oversees all transactions, restrictions, and regulations involving foreign currency. Its purpose is to maintain monetary equilibrium while also ensuring efficient management of the available foreign currency reserves.

Laws Regarding Intellectual Property Bangladesh is a signatory to all international conventions and treaties pertaining to the protection of intellectual property. Patents, trademarks, copyrights, and Trade and Commerce Laws secrets are some examples of these types of intellectual property. In order to stimulate innovation and safeguard the rights of artists, robust intellectual property regulations are important.

The purpose of the Trade Marks Act, which was passed in 2009, is to ensure that trademarks are properly registered and protected. The provision of a legal framework for the registration and use of trademarks, which is crucial for the protection of brands in international commerce, is offered by it.

Act of 2012 Concerning Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: The Anti-Dumping and Fair Trade Act covers trade remedies and anti-dumping measures. It makes it possible to impose countervailing charges on imported items that are subsidized or offered at a price lower than what would be considered their fair market worth.

Both difficulties and prospects are involved.

Despite the fact that the laws of Bangladesh governing Trade and Commerce Laws offer a legal foundation for local and international commercial activity, there are still a number of obstacles to overcome and chances to seize.

The Obstacles:

Difficulty in Navigating Complicated Customs processes and Regulatory Compliance Issues Difficulty in navigating the intricacies of customs processes and regulatory compliance issues may be a daunting task for organizations, resulting to delays and higher transaction costs.

Piracy and Counterfeiting: Violations of intellectual property rights, such as piracy and counterfeiting, continue to be a problem in Bangladesh, having an effect on businesses in areas such as the pharmaceutical and textile sectors.

Limitations Caused by Inadequate Infrastructure: Inadequate infrastructure, such as transportation and logistics, may impede the efficient flow of commodities, which in turn affects international commerce.

Compliance with International Standards In order to strengthen its position in the international trade industry, Bangladesh has to continue to align its legislative framework with Trade and Commerce Laws standards and agreements.

Occasions to seize:

Rapid Expansion of Exports: Bangladesh has seen a rapid expansion of export-oriented businesses, most notably in the textile and garment industry. This expansion paves the way for enterprises to enter new markets and take advantage of new possibilities.

Electronic commerce Boom: The emergence of e-commerce has provided firms with more options to access customers all over the world, which in turn provides a platform for growth and expansion.

Diversification: Aside from the textile industry, firms have the potential to tap into new markets by diversifying their operations into developing industries such as information technology, medicines, and agriculture.

Inflows of Investment Bangladesh continues to attract foreign direct investment, which creates chances for joint ventures, partnerships, and development of existing businesses.

The final word

The economic development of Bangladesh and its participation in global trade are both directly impacted by the country’s trade and commerce legislation. Businesses get direction and protection from the legislative framework that has been built for domestic and international commerce. This helps to promote an environment that is fair, transparent, and full of opportunities.

In spite of difficulties such as excessive red tape, rampant counterfeiting, and inadequate infrastructure, there are a wealth of prospects for expansion and diversification. The legal viewpoint that Bangladesh maintains on trade and commerce will continue to be essential to the continued growth of the country’s economy as it continues to develop as a participant in Trade and Commerce Laws.

Understanding and complying with the country’s Trade and Commerce Laws rules, as well as embracing chances for development and expansion, may help businesses navigate this ever-changing terrain more efficiently.


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Call Us!
× Whatsapp