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Family Courts and Divorce in Bangladesh

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Family Courts and Divorce in Bangladesh: Navigating Family Law Matters

In the realm of family law, the issues surrounding marriages, divorces, and child custody are among the most complex and emotionally charged. In Bangladesh, navigating the intricacies of family law requires the expertise of experienced family lawyers. is recognized as one of the premier divorce law firms in Dhaka, with a dedicated team of family lawyers. This article delves into the comprehensive range of family law services they offer, including marriages, special marriages, cross-religion marriages, child custody agreements, child custody lawsuits, alimony, maintenance, and the restitution of conjugal rights.

The Procedure of Talaq: Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961

One of the crucial aspects of family law in Bangladesh is the procedure for Talaq, especially for those governed by Islamic laws. The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance of 1961 provides a structured process for the dissolution of Muslim marriages. Here’s an overview of the key provisions:

Notice of Talaq

As per Section 7(1) of the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961, any man who intends to divorce his wife must, after pronouncing Talaq in any form, give written notice to the Chairman as soon as possible. A copy of this notice should also be supplied to the wife. This legal requirement aims to ensure transparency and documentation in the divorce process.

Delegation of Divorce Rights

The ordinance also addresses cases where the right to divorce has been duly delegated to the wife. In such situations, the wife may exercise her right to dissolve the marriage. The provisions of Section 7 apply mutatis mutandis (with necessary changes) to ensure that the process is fair and equitable.

The Jurisdiction of Family Courts: Family Courts Ordinance 1985

Family Courts play a pivotal role in resolving family law matters, including disputes related to marriage, divorce, and child custody. The Family Courts Ordinance of 1985 defines the jurisdiction of these specialized courts. Here are the key areas in which Family Courts have exclusive jurisdiction:

Dissolution of Marriage

Family Courts are empowered to entertain, try, and dispose of suits related to the dissolution of marriage. This includes divorce cases, which can be complex and emotionally charged. The Family Court’s role is to ensure a fair and just resolution while considering the welfare of all parties involved.

Restitution of Conjugal Rights

The Family Courts also handle cases related to the restitution of conjugal rights. When one spouse seeks the enforcement of their right to cohabitation and companionship, the Family Court can provide a legal platform to address such issues.


Issues related to dower, a financial obligation in Islamic marriages, are also within the jurisdiction of Family Courts. Disputes regarding the payment or return of dower can be resolved through these specialized courts.


Family Courts address matters related to maintenance, ensuring that the financial needs of spouses, children, and other dependents are met. This includes determining the amount and terms of maintenance payments.

Guardianship and Custody of Children

One of the most sensitive aspects of family law involves decisions related to the guardianship and custody of children. Family Courts play a crucial role in determining the best interests of the child and making custody arrangements that serve their well-being.

Certainly, here’s a table summarizing the key points in the article on Family Courts and Divorce in Bangladesh:

PointFamily Law ServicesRelevant LawsJurisdiction
1Wide Range of ServicesMarriage, divorce, custody, alimony, and moreFamily Lawyers
2Muslim Family LawsProcedure for Talaq, notice, and delegation of rightsMuslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961
3Notice of TalaqWritten notice to Chairman and wifeSection 7(1)
4Delegation of Divorce RightsEmpowering wives to dissolve marriagesMutatis mutandis application
5Jurisdiction of Family CourtsSpecialized courts for family law mattersFamily Courts Ordinance 1985
6Dissolution of MarriageResolving divorce casesEnsures fair and just resolution
7Restitution of Conjugal RightsEnforcing the right to cohabitationLegal platform for such cases
8Dower MattersResolving financial obligationsDetermines payment or return
9Maintenance DisputesAddressing financial support needsDetermines amount and terms
10Guardianship and Child CustodyDetermining the best interests of the childMakes custody arrangements

This table offers a structured overview of the 10 key points discussed in the article, covering the range of family law services, relevant laws, and the jurisdiction of Family Courts in Bangladesh.

Navigating family law matters, particularly in the context of marriages, divorces, and child custody, can be intricate and emotionally charged. In Bangladesh, the expertise of family lawyers is essential in ensuring that all legal processes are followed and that the welfare of those involved is given the utmost consideration., with its team of experienced family lawyers, is at the forefront of providing comprehensive family law services, including dissolution of marriage, restitution of conjugal rights, dower matters, maintenance disputes, and child custody cases. Through adherence to the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961 and the Family Courts Ordinance 1985, they offer a legal framework that aims to ensure fairness, justice, and the well-being of all parties involved.

The complexities of family law are met with a commitment to compassion, integrity, and ethical practice, making a trusted partner for those navigating family law matters in Bangladesh. Their dedication to resolving these issues with sensitivity and expertise is a testament to their status as one of the best divorce law firms in Dhaka.


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