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November 1, 2023

Step-by-Step Guide to Initiating Alternative Dispute Resolution in Bangladesh

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Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is a quicker and less expensive method to resolve conflicts and disagreements outside of the court system. Whether you are involved in a business dispute, a family dispute, or any other type of disagreement, ADR can be an excellent choice. In this step-by-step guide, we will take you through the process of initiating ADR to help you navigate and resolve your disputes more effectively.

Step 1: Identify the Conflict

The initial stage in initiating ADR is to identify the nature of the conflict. This requires comprehension of the underlying issues, the involved parties, and the desired outcome. Whether it is a contract dispute, a familial conflict, or an issue in the workplace, a thorough comprehension of the dispute is essential for its successful resolution.

Step 2: Determine the Appropriate Alternative Dispute Resolution Method

There are numerous ADR techniques, such as mediation, arbitration, conciliation, and negotiation. Each approach has its own characteristics and is best suited for particular forms of disputes. Consider the nature of the dispute and the ADR method that best aligns with your objectives.

  • Mediation: Suitable for a broad variety of disputes, mediation involves a neutral third party (the mediator) who assists the parties in reaching a voluntary and mutually agreeable resolution. It is highly collaborative and focuses on preserving relationships.
  • Arbitration: In arbitration, a neutral third party (the arbitrator) renders a binding decision based on the evidence presented. It is less adversarial, quicker, and more cost-effective than litigation.
  • Negotiation:This is the most informal method of alternative dispute resolution and entails the parties themselves discussing and resolving their differences. Negotiation is applicable in numerous contexts, including business negotiations and interpersonal conflicts.
  • Conciliation:A neutral third party facilitates communication between the participants, as in mediation. The conciliator makes non-binding recommendations in labor disputes.

Step 3: Select the Alternative Dispute Resolution Provider

After determining the appropriate ADR method, you must choose an ADR provider or institution to facilitate the procedure. Numerous institutions and organizations offer ADR services. Choose a reputable, experienced, and successful provider with a history of successful dispute resolution.

Step 4: Engage the Other Party

Engaging the other party or parties concerned in the dispute is the next step. Consider the possibility of utilizing ADR to resolve the conflict. Emphasize the advantages of ADR, such as its efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and the potential for a mutually satisfactory resolution.

Step 5: Acceptance of Participation

All parties must voluntarily agree to partake in the ADR process. All stakeholders must recognize that ADR is a method of conflict resolution based on consensus. If any party is averse to participate, ADR may not be a viable option.

Step 6:Choose the Mediator/Arbitrator

You must choose a qualified mediator or arbitrator if you opt for mediation or arbitration. This individual should have pertinent experience and knowledge in the dispute’s specific area. You have the option of selecting a mediator/arbitrator provided by the ADR institution or agreeing on one mutually.

Step 7: Getting Ready for Alternative Dispute Resolution

Before beginning the ADR procedure, it’s essential to prepare exhaustively. This may entail collecting documents, evidence, and information pertinent to the dispute. During the ADR procedure, it is also beneficial to have a clear comprehension of your own interests and objectives.

Step 8: Starting ADR

The ADR procedure begins formally with an introductory meeting. This meeting may include all parties and the mediator/arbitrator, who explain the procedure and ground rules. The mediator/arbitrator will describe their role as a neutral facilitator and set a schedule for the ADR proceedings.

Step 9: Joint Sessions and Private Meetings

During the Alternative Dispute Resolution procedure, all parties will participate in simultaneous sessions to discuss the issues and attempt to reach a resolution. These discussions will be facilitated by the mediator or arbitrator, who will guide the parties toward understanding each other’s perspectives and investigating potential solutions.

Additionally, caucuses, or private meetings, can be conducted with each party separately. These confidential sessions enable parties to discuss sensitive issues and investigate potential settlement options with the mediator/arbitrator.

Step 10: Reaching a Decision

ADR’s ultimate objective is to reach a resolution that is acceptable to both parties. Through communication, negotiation, and the guidance of the mediator, the parties can reach a settlement that addresses their concerns and interests.

Step 11: Agreement Drafting

If a resolution is reached, the parameters of the agreement are documented in writing. The agreement must be transparent, exhaustive, and legally obligatory. Depending on the intricacy of the agreement, it may be drafted by the mediator/arbitrator or reviewed and approved by legal counsel.

Step 12: Implementation

The agreement becomes legally binding upon signature. If one party breaches the terms of the contract, the other party may seek enforcement through the appropriate legal channels.

Step 13: Conclusion

With the resolution reached and the agreement in place, the Alternative Dispute Resolution procedure comes to a close. The parties can confidently proceed forward now that their dispute has been resolved.

Step 14:Continuation

Some ADR processes may include follow-up procedures to ensure that all parties adhere to the agreement. This could involve periodic evaluations or additional meetings as necessary.

Additional Tips for Success in ADR

  • In ADR, both parties should be willing to compromise in order to reach a resolution. Flexibility and cooperation can result in a more favorable outcome.
  • Select a qualified ADR provider: Choosing an experienced and reputable Alternative Dispute Resolution provider is critical to the success of the process. Research and meticulously select the service provider.
  • Engage in good faith: All parties should approach alternative dispute resolution with a sincere desire to find a solution. Engaging in the process in good faith is essential for its success.
  • Consult with legal counsel: Although ADR is a less formal process than litigation, legal counsel is still beneficial. Consider consulting with an attorney to ensure the protection of your rights and interests throughout the process.
  • Before agreeing to the provisions of an ADR agreement, it is crucial to thoroughly comprehend the legal ramifications. ADR agreements can have legal ramifications.
  • Maintain open communication: the key to success in ADR is effective communication. Be ready to articulate your concerns and interests with precision and to actively attend to the other party.
  • ADR frequently necessitates inventive solutions that may not be apparent at first. Be willing to explore alternative resolution options.

Alternative Dispute Resolution is, in conclusion, a valuable and effective method for resolving conflicts and disputes. By following this step-by-step guide, you will be able to confidently initiate the Alternative Dispute Resolution process, work towards a resolution, and ultimately reach a mutually agreeable resolution that addresses your interests and concerns.


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